article 12-31-2013

Royce Capital Fund  Micro-Cap Portfolio Manager Commentary

Royce Capital Fund–Micro-Cap Portfolio enjoyed a solid year on an absolute basis, though it remained behind its micro-cap benchmark and the small-cap Russell 2000 Index. The Fund rose 21.0% in 2013, trailing its benchmark, the Russell Microcap Index, and the Russell 2000 Index, which had respective gains of 45.6% and 38.8% for the same period. A stronger, highly encouraging second half on both an absolute and relative basis was not enough to close the gap between Capital Micro-Cap and these two indexes. We were pleased, though, to see a narrowing of the spread.

As was the case in 2010, 2011, and 2012, the equity markets kicked the year off in explosive fashion, giving a dynamic start to 2013. The Fund, however, failed to participate, gaining 2.5% in the first quarter versus 12.6% for its benchmark and 12.4% for the small-cap index. Indeed, the first quarter accounted for most of the Fund’s relative underperformance for the year. Data from FactSet showed that within the Russell 2000 REITs, commercial banks, and biotech were the small-cap index’s top contributing industries in the first quarter. None of these are areas that draw a significant amount of our attention because they typically fail to meet the portfolio’s balance sheet criteria and our general preference for high returns on invested capital.

Volatility was a more forceful presence in the second quarter than it was in any other part of the year, though the month of December was close. From the beginning of April through the end of June, the Fund picked up 0.8% versus 5.1% for the micro-cap index and 3.1% for the small-cap index. The second quarter saw the first round of tapering talk from the Fed, which initially panicked many investors. Discouraging news out of China, Brazil, Turkey, and Europe also contributed to falling share prices, which did not begin climbing again until early July.

The resurgent third quarter was Capital Micro-Cap’s strongest on both an absolute and relative basis. The Fund gained 9.7% for the quarter, while the Russell Microcap was up 11.6% and the Russell 2000 rose 10.2%. The Fed talked more about tapering through the summer and early fall, comments that included reassurances that it would begin slowing the pace of its bond-buying program only if it saw solid evidence of a sturdy economy. Along with an economy that kept growing and a federal deficit and unemployment rate that kept declining, investors seemed reassured, even if the rate of change seemed painfully slow. Following a short wave of volatility, which cooled the pace of returns in mid-December, stocks rallied later in the month. For the fourth quarter the Fund was up 6.8%, again trailing its benchmark (+10.3%) and the small-cap index (+8.7%).

For the periods ended December 31, 2013, the Fund remained behind both indexes for one-, three-, and five-year spans. However, the Fund outpaced the Russell Microcap for the 10-year period and beat the Russell 2000 for the 15-year and since inception (12/27/96) periods ended December 31, 2013. (Data for the Russell Microcap Index only goes back to June 30, 2000.) Capital Micro-Cap’s average annual total return since inception was 12.0%. We are quite proud of the Fund’s long-term record.

PDI provides outsourced sales and other commercial services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and healthcare companies in the U.S. Its contract sales business did not grow as we had anticipated, which hurt results and led us to reduce our position between May and July. As a group, investments in the Materials sector, particularly those in the metals & mining category, detracted most from the portfolio’s calendar-year results. Three of the portfolio’s five largest detractors were precious metals miners. We reduced the Fund’s exposure to this industry, holding positions only in those companies that are well funded or, in the case of Pilot Gold, particularly well managed. Each in our view is capable of weathering a very challenging period for mining businesses—challenges that include rising operating costs and declining commodity prices—and benefiting from a recovery of commodity prices. We added a small number of shares of Endeavour Silver in January, March, and April, held our shares of Pilot Gold, and finished selling our stake in Allied Nevada Gold in November. During June we reduced our stake in Sprott Resource, a Toronto-based firm that invests and operates in oil and gas, energy, agriculture, precious metals, and other natural resources. (Three of the Fund’s top five detractors were holdovers from the year’s first half.)

A rising stock price led us to reduce our position in Kirkland’s, which profited from the resurgence in the housing industry as well as from analytical tools that allowed it to better understand and respond to sales activity at its stores. This created greater efficiency and better inventory management that in turn helped margins. Graham Corporation manufactures custom vacuum and heat transfer equipment. We bought shares when its niche business was slow and its valuation looked particularly attractive to us. Growing sales and record revenue in its fiscal fourth quarter drove its stock price upward, especially in the first half. We trimmed our position throughout the year, with the largest trims in July and October.

Top Contributors to 2013 Performance

Kirkland's 1.00%
Graham Corporation 0.94
Stein Mart 0.77
hhgregg 0.76
Marten Transport 0.75
1 Includes dividends

Top Detractors from 2013 Performance

Endeavour Silver -0.50%
Pilot Gold -0.47
Sprott Resource -0.41
PDI -0.34
Allied Nevada Gold -0.33
1 Net of dividends

Average Annual Total Returns as of Quarter-End 12/31/13 (%)

  QTR YTD 1YR 3YR 5YR 10YR 15YR Since
Capital Micro-Cap 6.75 20.99 20.99 4.60 18.64 7.87 11.98 12.03 12/27/1996
Russell Microcap 10.26 45.62 45.62 16.52 21.05 6.99 N/A N/A N/A
Russell 2000 8.72 38.82 38.82 15.67 20.08 9.07 8.42 8.57 N/A

Annual Operating Expenses: 1.35%

Current month-end performance may be obtained from our Prices and Performance page.

Important Disclosure Information

All performance information in this Report reflects past performance, is presented on a total return basis, and reflects the reinvestment of distributions. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate, so that shares may be worth more or less than their original cost when redeemed. Current performance may be higher or lower than performance quoted. The Fund’s total returns do not reflect any deduction for charges or expenses of the variable contracts investing in the Fund. Returns as of the most recent month-end may be obtained here. All performance and risk information reflects the result of the Investment Class (its oldest class). Shares of RCM’s Service Class bear an annual distribution expense that is not borne by the Investment Class. Operating expenses reflect the Fund’s total annual operating expenses for the Investment Class as of the Fund’s most current prospectus and include management fees, other expenses, and acquired fund fees and expenses. Acquired fund fees and expenses reflect the estimated amount of the fees and expenses incurred indirectly by the Fund through its investments in mutual funds, hedge funds, private equity funds, and other investment companies. Regarding the two “Good Ideas” tables shown above, the sum of all contributors to, and all detractors from, performance for all securities in the portfolio would approximate the Fund’s performance for 2013.

The thoughts expressed in this piece concerning recent market movements and future prospects for small company stocks are solely the opinion of Royce at December 31, 2013, and, of course, historical market trends are not necessarily indicative of future market movements. Statements regarding the future prospects for particular securities held in the Funds' portfolios and Royce's investment intentions with respect to those securities reflect Royce's opinions as of December 31, 2013 and are subject to change at any time without notice. There can be no assurance that securities mentioned above will be included in any Royce-managed portfolio in the future.

This material is not authorized for distribution unless preceded or accompanied by a current prospectus. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing or sending money. he Fund invests primarily in securities of micro-cap companies, which may involve considerably more risk than investments in securities of larger-cap companies. (Please see "Primary Risks for Fund Investors" in the prospectus.) The Fund’s broadly diversified portfolio does not ensure a profit or guarantee against loss. The Fund may invest up to 35% of its net assets in foreign securities, which may involve political, economic, currency, and other risks not encountered in U.S. investments. (Please see "Investing in Foreign Securities" in the prospectus.) Russell Investment Group is the source and owner of the trademarks, service marks, and copyrights related to the Russell Indexes. Russell© is a trademark of Russell Investment Group. The Russell 2000 is an unmanaged, capitalization-weighted index of domestic small-cap stocks. It measures the performance of the 2,000 smallest publicly traded U.S. companies in the Russell 3000 index. The Russell Microcap Index includes 1,000 of the smallest securities in the small-cap Russell 2000 Index, along with the next smallest eligible securities as determined by Russell. The performance of an index does not represent exactly any particular investment, as you cannot invest directly in an index.

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